Social Studies

Table of Contents

Students completing the required sequence of courses in Social Studies will demonstrate an understanding of democratic values and responsibility for government. They will gain an appreciation of cultural diversity, an overview of world history, and an understanding of contemporary issues. They will develop an awareness of the economic, social, political and environmental interdependence of all nations and people. They will acquire knowledge of their role in today’s world and their place in the world of the 21st century. In addition, students will gain skill in critical thinking, problem solving, research, and communication.

Important note: The new Framework Regents format for Global History and Geography II exam will be given to all 10th grade students on June 3, 2019.  Student who do not pass the June 3rd Regents will be given the opportunity to take the current transition Regents on  June 20, 2019

Coordinator: Michael Schaper, Social Studies Teacher - Lakeland High School

103/712 Global History I - 1 credit      Grade 9      40 weeks
123/722 Global History II - 1 credit     Grade 10     40 weeks
This two-year program for grades 9-10 provides students with the opportunity to study the history of the world.  A chronological approach cultivates the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to function effectively in an interdependent, diverse world. The courses focus on the historical process and global themes by utilizing primary sources and documents. The period emphasized in Global History I is the pre-historic era to 1750 A.D. In Global History II, 1750 to the present time will be covered.
Beginning in June 2018, the NY State Education Department will begin the transition for Global Regents.
104 Pre-A.P.  World History - 1 credit      Grade 9      40 weeks
Taught as a college-level class, this course covers the period from pre-historic times to 1750 A.D. This course requires considerable outside reading, use of a college text, with additional essay writing for the development of critical-thinking skills.
Note: This course is a prerequisite for A.P. World History in Grade 10.
149 A.P.  World History - 1 credit      Grade 10      40 weeks
This course follows the curriculum established by the College Board. It is a course designed to challenge students to work at the college level. Students are required to take both the A.P. World History examination in May and the Global History Regents Examination in June. Students are expected to complete summer work, which will include reading and written assignments, prior to the start of the course. Students who master this course may also consider taking the SAT World History Subject Test in June.
In A.P.  World History, students investigate significant events, individuals, developments, and processes from 1750 to the present. Students develop and use the same skills, practices, and methods employed by historians: analyzing primary and secondary sources; developing historical arguments; making historical comparisons; and utilizing reasoning about contextualization, causation, and continuity and change over time. The course provides five themes that students explore throughout the course in order to make connections among historical developments in different times and places: interaction between humans and the environment; development and interaction of cultures; state building, expansion, and conflict; creation, expansion, and interaction of economic systems; and development and transformation of social structures.
Beginning in June 2018, the NY State Education Department will begin the transition for Global Regents.
Students who master this course may also consider taking the SAT World History Subject Test in June.
133/787 U.S. History & Government - 1 credit       Grade 11       40 weeks
Through the study of United States history and government from the 17th century to the present, students will be introduced to political, social, economic, and cultural developments and interactions. Topics include: constitutional principles, institutions of government, foreign policy, economic systems and their political impact, immigration and diversity, citizenship, civil rights and liberties, reform movements, and the historical significance of science and technology. Students will be required to take the U.S. History and Government Regents Examination at the end of this course.
134 A.P. U.S. History - 1 credit      Grades 11-12      40 weeks
This is a college-level course with emphasis on the English Colonies, American Revolution and Constitution, the Jacksonian Era, Sectionalism, the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Populist and Progressive Eras, the Great Depression and New Deal, and the Cold War. Students utilize a college-level text as well as a number of interpretive readings. Extensive writing and periodic research on a variety of topics are part of the course requirements. Students enrolled in A.P. U.S. History are expected to complete summer work, which will include reading and written assignments. Students are required to take both the A.P. U.S. examination in May and the U.S. Regents Examination in June. Students may also consider taking the SAT U.S. Subject Test in June.
143/734 Economics - ½ credit       Grade 12       20 weeks
The New York State Department of Education requires that every student complete a 1/2 unit of Politics and a 1/2 unit of Economics to meet graduation standards. The Economics program will introduce students to the three primary components of the state curriculum; macroeconomic theory, entrepreneurship, and personal finance. Students will examine the basic concepts of the three components with an emphasis on the interdependence of the American economy with that of the 21st century world. Students must take this course or its approved alternate course in order to graduate.
L0138 SUPA American History 101/102 - 1 credit       Grade 11      40 weeks
This college-level course, taught through a partnership with Syracuse University, offers students the opportunity to earn six college credits while satisfying the US History curriculum required for graduation.  The American History sequence is comprised of History 101: American History to 1865 (fall semester) and History 102: The United States Since 1865 (spring semester).
In this course students will study American attitudes and beliefs about political democracy, social justice, economic opportunity, equality, and the environment; and students will trace how those attitudes and beliefs have evolved in the first two-and-a-half centuries of American history. Through this course of study, students will not only learn more about the American experience, but they will further develop academic skills involving critical reading, constructing persuasive arguments, using evidence effectively, and honing a variety of crucial analytic skills. At the end of the course, students will be required to take the US History Regents Exam. To receive Syracuse University credit, students must pay a discounted high school fee (2019-2020 Tutition $345  per course, or $690 for both courses).
P0153 SUPA Sports Management: Principals & Contemporary Issues
 credit     Grade 11-12     40 weeks
This college-level course, taught through a partnership with Syracuse University, offers students the opportunity to earn three college credits.  This course introduces students to sports management concepts and sectors through an examination of problems and issues faced by contemporary sport managers. Unique characteristics of sport and resulting social and ethical responsibilities of sports managers will be discussed. In addition to the use of traditional teaching methods to deliver basic sports management concepts, students are required to complete a comprehensive, hands-on project that demonstrates their comprehension of the different sectors of the industry covered throughout the semester. To receive credit through Syracuse, students must pay a discounted high school fee (2017/18 Tuition $336 per course).
157/735 Politics - ½ credit       Grade 12        20 weeks
This course addresses the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that are necessary to ensure full participation in the political processes at the local, state, national, and global levels. The students are provided the opportunity to enhance the skills and knowledge learned in other courses.  They will use the best current technology in the analysis of public issues in developed and emerging democratic societies. Students must take this course and 1/2 unit of Economics (or an approved alternate course) in order to graduate.
183 Independent Studies Economics - ½ credit      Grade 12      20 weeks
This course may only be taken in conjunction with A.P. European History and A.P. Human Geography in order to meet NYS graduation requirements.
187 Independent Studies Politics - ½ credit      Grade 12      20 weeks
This course may only be taken in conjunction with A.P. European History in order to meet NYS graduation requirements.
P147 A.P. European History - 1 credit      Grade 12       40 weeks
This course focuses on European history starting with the Renaissance. There is a special emphasis on the history of  ideas and the forces that promote or hinder social change. Course requirements place a heavy emphasis on reading, writing, and analyzing historic trends. Students may be expected to complete summer work, which may include both reading and writing assignments.
Note: In order to satisfy New York State Department of Education requirements for graduation, students must be concurrently enrolled in Course 183, Independent Studies Economics and Course 187 Independent Student Politics. All enrolled students will be expected to take the A.P. European Exam.
48 A.P. Macroeconomics/Politics - 1 credit       Grade 12       40 weeks
This Advanced Placement course will give students a thorough understanding of the principles of economics that apply to an economic system as a whole. It will offer an intensive examination of rationale economic decision-making that would in turn lead to more informed and economically literate citizens. Topics will include basic economic concepts, measurement of economic performance, national income and price determination, economic growth factors, international finance, exchange rates, and balance of payments. Emphasis will be placed on the study of national income and price determination and will help develop a student’s familiarity with economic performance measures, economic growth, and international economics.
Note: This course satisfies New York State Department of Education curricular requirements in politics and economics.  All enrolled students will be expected to take the Macroeconomics A.P. exam.
150 A.P. Human Geography/Politics - 1 credit      Grades 12      40 weeks
This course will cover the nature and perspective of geography; population  or its density, distribution and scale, growth and decline over time, and population movements; cultural patterns and processes the concept and definition of cultures, the impact on the environment of cultural practices and cultural landscapes; political organization of space territories, the evolution of contemporary political patterns and challenges to  inherited political territorial arrangements; agriculture and rural land use – development and diffusion of agriculture, rural land use and settlement patterns; modern commercial agriculture; industrialization and development – growth and diffusion of industrialization, contemporary patterns and impacts of industrialization and development; cities and land use – origin and evolution of cities, functional character of contemporary cities, built environment and social space. NOTE: This course satisfies New York State Department of Education curricular requirements in politics and economics. All enrolled students will be expected to take the Human Geography A.P. exam.
151 A.P. Psychology - 1 credit      Grades 11-12      40 weeks
This course will examine the methods of psychology; the biological basis of behavior; sensation and perception; learning and cognition; motivation and emotion; developmental psychology; personality; testing and individual differences; abnormal psychology; the treatment of psychological disorders; and social psychology.  Students are expected to take the A.P. exam in May.
Recommendation: Completion of Course 146 Psychology is recommended. Some courses may be offered in alternate years. Ask your Guidance Counselor for more information.
P159 Social Studies (WlSE) - 1 credit      Grade 12     40 weeks
tudents have the option to participate in a second semester senior internship that offers English and social studies credit when they choose WISE. Admission is by application at the end of 11th grade. Internships run from February through June and include 8-10 hours per week at the site, as well as a research project and a presentation. Students in the WISE program will be representing the school in public, so it is important that the participants understand that they must demonstrate good character and good decision-making skills. Serious discipline or academic failures may prevent a student from becoming a part of or remaining in this program. This course satisfies the 1/2 credit of required senior social studies, Participation in Government.
Note: Students enrolled in this class must also enroll in course 044 English (WISE.)
L144/737 Wars That Changed the World - ½ credit      Grade 10-12      20 weeks
This course includes an in-depth study of the causes and effects of war. Past sessions have included discussion of the American Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, and World War II. For each war we will investigate causes, technology used, strategy, tactics, the life of the common soldier, the impact of the war on civilians, and the impact of the war on the world. Methods of study will include the reading of first-hand accounts, historical novels and non-fiction works of your choosing; class discussion; library and archival research; lecture; movie analysis; playing tactical war games; listening to music and looking at art; and studying artifacts.
145 Psychology - ½ credit      Grades 10-12      20 weeks
This course will cover the methods of human psychology. Through group projects, Internet sources, discussions, outside readings, and independent study, students will explore a variety of topics. The following topics will be discussed: psychological perspectives; developmental psychology; personality, psychological testing; treatment of psychological disorders. The course is designed to promote critical and informed thinking and communication about human behavior.
P154 Introduction to Criminal Justice - ½ credit      Grades 11-12       20 weeks
In this course, students will obtain an awareness of the entire criminal justice system, from the point when a crime is committed through sentencing the offender of the crime. The specific units include: classification of crime, causes of criminal behavior, police, courts, attorneys and judges, trials, sentencing and corrections.  We also include a unit on special issues today, including juvenile justice, homeland security and cyber crime. It will meet the needs of those students who aspire to careers in the criminal justice field.
163 Women’s Studies - ½ credit      Grades 10 – 12      20 weeks
This course introduces students to an in-depth study of women’s issues around the world. There will be a focus on the political rights and the cultural influence of contemporary women in the United States. Current issues will be central to this discussion. Readings will come from various sources. Class discussion and participation are key elements of the class. The course offers students an opportunity to participate in a unique educational experience.
P158 A.P. Comparative Government & Politics - ½ credit     Grades 11-12     20 weeks
This course introduces students to the political history and theories of Britain, Russia, China, Nigeria, Mexico, and Iran. For each country students will study the history and political developments  in the 20th and 21st centuries; reactions to change and modernization; ideology; political socialization; current political structure and processes; current government policies;  globalization; democratization; political change; public policy; and citizen-state relations. Students will take the A.P. exam in May. Following the exam students will concentrate on college-level presentations.
L172/736 Film and American Culture - ½ credit       Grades 11-12        20 weeks
An introduction to film as a medium that can be read and which also reflects its culture and time. Confined to American examples, this course will introduce students to the terminology of film criticism. It will then examine various genres of film e.g. comedy, the escapade, musicals, film noir, and political films. Students will be expected to have parental/guardian permission to view the selected films.
161 Debate - 1 credit         Grades 9-12         40 weeks
This course is designed for active members of the Lakeland District Debate Team.  In order to be enrolled in the class, the student must be committed to a minimum of ten weekend debate tournaments and participate in the locally managed tournaments through the end of March. Students may be enrolled through each year of high school. Designed to formalize the competitive element of the Lakeland District Debate program, students are expected to meet the schedule of coaching and training sessions set in a calendar of monthly events.
Meetings and practices are generally scheduled after schools twice each week, depending on the student’s specific level of experience. Beginning students are trained in the rudimentary processes of debate. Intermediate students are exposed to advanced theory and developmental research techniques.
Advanced students are offered more complex research opportunities and innovative approaches to both theory and practice of debate. All experienced debaters are expected to assist in the training of lesser-experienced debaters and by judging at tournaments designed for younger debaters.
L0159 History and Politics of the Modern Middle East
½ credit                         Grade 11-12                   20 weeks
This course focuses on the modern history and politics of the Middle East, beginning with the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of the Arab nationalist movement of the interwar period. The formation of the state of Israel and the conflicts surrounding it will be discussed as well as the Islamic states of Iran and Afghanistan.  The modern conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria will also be discussed in regard to the global implications.
L162 Internship/Politics - ½  credit     Grade 12     20 weeks
This course offers a work-based learning opportunity to assist students with the link between school and careers.  During the first ten weeks, the course will prepare students for an internship experience through a variety of activities including work place issues, resume writing, the employment process, etc.  Students will then have the opportunity to obtain awareness of specific careers by working as interns with mentors in their related field of interest.  This course satisfies the 1/2 credit of required senior social studies, Participation in Government.
NoteStudents enrolling in this course must also sign up for the following courses: 045-English 12 Internship and 533 Internship/Work Study.
061  Learning Center - No credit
This course is mandated by New York State Educational Law for any student whose test score on the New York State assessments in Social Studies falls below the state reference points. This is a non-credit bearing course. Other students who need academic assistance may be scheduled into the program to receive academic support in any subject area, to build study skills, and to learn test-taking skills.

OC21 | 21st Century Skills for College & Career Readiness
Brain Games | Fall Semester
Why can’t I remember the answers for the exam? How can I get along better with the people in my life? How does my teenage brain work and why? This course will examine the latest research related to the adolescent brain and how to most effectively use it to remember, focus, plan, and communicate with others.
Introduction to Anthropology | Fall Semester
Anthropology has been described as an investigation into who we are now, where we came from, and how we got to be the way we are today. In this course, students will be introduced to this “holistic” social science and gain an understanding of what culture is, how it is similar and different for humans living in groups, and how it can be identified and compared.
Beyond Mindfulness | Spring Semester
The Beyond Mindfulness course was designed to help students create the space in their lives for authentic learning and self-discovery through exploring the foundational concepts of mindfulness and mediation.
Fake News & Other Hot Topics | Spring Semester
Fake news, Trolls, and bots have influenced and changed the way we view and understand the world around us. In this course, students will explore the surprising history of propaganda fake news, the fracturing of modern media, and the 24-hour news cycle.